Surena was a member of the House of Suren (one of the seven famous clans at the age of Ashkanian and Sasanian). Surena means strong in Pahlavi literature. Under Surena’s command, during the empire of Ashkaninan 1st Ard, Parthians decisively defeated a numerically superior Roman invasion force under the command of Marcus Licinius Crassus.  It is commonly seen as one of the earliest and most important battles between the Roman and Parthian empires and one of the most crushing defeats in Roman history.

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